外国语言学及应用语言学招收2020年硕士研究生招生简介

  • 刘文彬
  • 2019-09-17
  • 2226

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外国语言学及应用语言学专业硕士研究生!

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中国科学院大学招收2020

外国语言学及应用语言学硕士研究生考试科目简介及参考书目

 

  • 政治理论 100分)

   (全国硕士研究生入学统一考试)

  • 第二外国语(100分)
    • 日语:《新版中日交流标准日本语》(中级上、下册)(2014年版),人民教育出版社。
    • 法语:孙辉,2006,《简明法语教程》(上、下册),商务印书馆。
    • 《新编大学德语》(第1-2册) ,2011,外语教学与研究出版社。

《大学德语简明教程》,2010,外语教学与研究出版社。

《新概念德语》(第1-2册) ,2012,安徽科学技术出版社。

  • 基础英语(150分)

    第一部分 词汇(20分)

    第二部分 阅读(50分)

    第三部分 翻译(50分)

    第四部分 写作(30分)

 

  • 语言学综合(150分)

参考书目:

  • 胡壮麟,2006,《语言学教程》 ( 修订版英文本 ),北京大学出版社(第3版)。
  • 胡壮麟,2002,《语言学教程》 ( 修订版中译本 ),北京大学出版社。


“基础英语”考试的结构及题型

第一部分 词汇(20分)

从所给单词中选出合适的填在空白处(每题1分,共20题)

例:TEXT 1

continued, listed, while, lending, in, as, include, appearing, lasting, succeeded

Gothic architecture is a style of architecture which flourished during the high and late medieval period. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was ___1___ by Renaissance architecture.

Originating in 12th-century France and ___2___ into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was known during the period as “the French Style”, with the term Gothic first __3___ during the latter part of the Renaissance. Its characteristic features ___4___ the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress.

Gothic architecture is most familiar ___5___ the architecture of many of the great cathedrals, abbeys and parish churches of Europe. It is also the architecture of many castle, palaces, town halls, guild halls, universities, and to a less prominent extent, private dwellings.

It is in the great churches and cathedrals and ___6___ a number of civic buildings that the Gothic style was expressed most powerfully, its characteristics ___7___ themselves to appeal to the emotions. A great number of ecclesiastical buildings remain from this period, of which even the smallest are often structures of architectural distinction ___8___ many of the larger churches are considered priceless works of art and are ___9___ with UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

A series of Gothic revivals began in mid-18th century England, spread through 19th-century Europe and ___10___, largely for ecclesiastical and university structures, into the 20th century.

TEXT 2(略)

第二部分 阅读(50分)

  1. 用简单的英文重述以下划横线的句子(每题6分,共30分)

例:

TEXT 1

The raising of livestock is a major economic activity in semiarid lands, where grasses are generally the dominant type of natural vegetation. This economic reliance on livestock in certain regions makes large tracts of land susceptible to overgrazing. The consequences of an excessive number of livestock grazing in an area are the reduction of the vegetation cover and the trampling and pulverization of the soil. This is usually followed by the drying of the soil and accelerated erosion.

2.  写出下列语段的概要。概要的长度应约等于原文的三分之一(共20分)

例:

In developing a model of cognition, we must recognize that perception of the external world does not always remain independent of motivation. While progress toward maturity is positively correlated with differentiation between motivation and cognition, tension will, even in the mature adult, militate towards a narrowing of the range of perception and in the lessening of the objectivity of perception.

Cognition can be seen as the first step in the sequence of events leading from the external stimulus to the behavior of the individual. The child develops from belief that all things are an extension of its own body to the recognition that objects exist independent of his perception. He begins to demonstrate awareness of people and things which are removed from his sensory apparatus and initiates goal directed behaviors. He may, however, refuse to recognize the existence of barriers to the attainment of his goals, despite the fact that his cognition of these objects has been previously demonstrated.

In the primitive being, goal-directed behavior can be very simply motivated. The presence of an attractive object will cause an infant to reach for it; its removal will result in the cessation of that action. Studies have shown no evidence of the infant’s frustration; rather, it appears that the infant ceases to desire the object when he cannot see it. Further indications are that the infant’s attention to the attractive object increases as a result of its not being in his grasp. In fact, if he holds a toy and another is presented, he is likely to drop the first in order to clutch the second. Often, once he has the one desired in his hands, he loses attention and turns to something else.

The impact of the socialization process, particularly that parental and social group ideology, may reduce cognitively directed behavior. The tension this produced, as for instance the stress of fear, anger, or extreme emotion, will often be the overriding influence.

第三部分 翻译(50分)

A.英译汉(20分)

B.汉译英(20分)

C.古汉语翻译为英文(10分)

 

 

第四部分 写作(30分)

根据所给题目写一篇不少于500词的作文。


“语言学综合”的结构和题型

 Ⅰ.Fill in the blanks by making a choice between the words given. (60 points, 2 points each)

例如:

situational context

dialects

fricatives

morphological

       
  1. In China there are languages which are mutually un-intelligible when spoken but are often called _________ of one Chinese language.

                                                                            

Ⅱ.Give a brief answer to each of the questions. (40 points, 5 points each)

例如:

  1. What does the phrase “the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign” denote?

Ⅲ. Answer the following questions. (50 points, 10 points each)

例如:

  1. What is Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis?